Gas exchange in low‐compression HFPPV is maintained at low distending pressures in the pig

U. H. Sjöstrand, R. B. Smith, L. Bunegin, P. Helsel, J. O. Herrera‐Hoyos, M. B. Wennhager, U. R. Borg, L. L. Bready

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fact that collateral ventilation normally occurs in the human lung has led to the suggestion that it might contribute to the successful clinical effects of low‐compression high‐frequency positive‐pressure ventilation (HFPPV). As the pig has poor collateral ventilation, pulmonary vasoconstriction has to be part of the regulatory mechanisms matching ventilation‐perfusion. A study was made on nine pigs anesthetized with ketamine hydrochloride intravenously to elucidate the maintenance of ventilation‐perfusion balance during mechanical ventilation. Comparisons were made between the ventilatory patterns provided by a conventional ventilator (Servo‐Ventilator 900C) and an improved prototype of a low‐compression system for volume‐controlled ventilation (system H). A ventilatory frequency of 20 breaths per min (bpm) with SV‐900C (SV‐20) and system H (H‐20) and of 60 bpm with system H (H‐60) was used. The experimental conditions were otherwise identical. Positive end‐expiratory pressures (PEEP) were applied to maintain the same mean airway pressure with the three systems. The tidal volume required for normoventilation differed significantly between the three ventilatory patterns, but there were no differences in circulatory and oxygen‐transport variables. By measurements of airway pressure and intrapleural liquid surface pressure, it was demonstrated that the distending pressure (at end‐inspiration) was significantly lower with a low‐compression system (H‐20 versus SV‐20), especially at a high ventilatory frequency (H‐60 versus H‐20). Consequently, although the mean airway pressure was set at the same level for the three different ventilatory modalities, the distending pressures required for the same alveolar ventilation and arterial oxygenation differed significantly. H‐20 and H‐60, and especially H‐60 (= HFPPV) provided ventilation with the lowest distending pressure. Thus the barotrauma of mechanical ventilation was lower during H‐60 than SV‐20. The present results show that low‐compressive patterns of ventilation and HFPPV allow adequate gas exchange in animals without collateral ventilation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1987

Keywords

  • Analgesics: ketamine
  • anesthetic techniques: general
  • high‐frequency positive‐pressure ventilation
  • positive end‐expiratory pressure
  • ventilatory techniques: continuous positive‐pressure ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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