Galectin-3 in M2 macrophages plays a protective role in resolution of neuropathology in brain parasitic infection by regulating neutrophil turnover

Fredice O. Quenum Zangbede, Arun Chauhan, Jyotika Sharma, Bibhuti B. Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrophages/microglia with M2-activation phenotype are thought to play important anti-inflammatory and tissue reparative functions in the brain, yet the molecular bases of their functions in the CNS remain to be clearly defined. In a preclinical model of neurocysticercosis using brain infection with a parasite Mesocestoides corti, we previously reported the presence of large numbers of M2 cells in the CNS. In this study using female mice, we report that M2 macrophages in the parasite-infected brain display abundant galectin-3 expression. Disease severity was increased in Galectin-3-/- mice correlating with increased neurological defects, augmented cell death and, importantly, massive accumulation of neutrophils and M2 macrophages in the CNS of these mice. Because neutrophil clearance by efferocytosis is an important function of M2 macrophages, we investigated a possible role of galectin-3 in this process. Indeed, galectin-3-deficient M2 macrophages exhibited a defect in efferocytic clearance of neutrophils in vitro. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of M2 macrophages from galectin-3-sufficient WT mice reduced neutrophilia in the CNS and ameliorated disease severity in parasite-infected Galectin-3-/- mice. Together, these results demonstrate, for the first time, a novel role of galectin-3 inM2 macrophage function in neutrophil turnover and resolution of inflammatory pathology in the CNS. This likely will have implications in neurocysticercosis and neuroinflammatory diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6737-6750
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume38
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Galectin-3
  • M2 macrophage
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Neutrophil turnover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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