Future treatments for football injuries

Mario Ferretti, Boris A. Zelle, Freddie H. Fu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Football, or soccer as it is called in North America, is the most popular sport in the world, with about 200 million participants [1]. It is characterized by a complex collection of movements including running, short sprints, rapid deceleration, turning, kicking, and tackling. These characteristics predispose participants to the relatively high injury rate of 12-35 injuries per 1,000 player game hours in adult men's football [2]. The lower extremities are more often injured. Muscular strains are the most common traumatic injuries in football players, followed by contusions and ligamentous sprains [2-4]. All these injuries have an impact on the players' lives and hinder them from participating in training and matches. Furthermore, injuries can lead to a 22% re-injury rate [3].Moreover, injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears may force a player into retiring early. ACL tears can have a rate as high as 0.41 tears per 1,000 game hours at the male competitive level [5]. In addition to the injury and its consequences for the players, associated costs of treatment are also a relevant issue [2]. Therefore, it is important to know about preventive methods to avoid injuries, as well as future types of treatment using modern biological approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFootball Traumatology
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Concepts: From Prevention to Treatment
PublisherSpringer Milan
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)8847004187, 9788847004184
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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