Football, or soccer as it is called in North America, is the most popular sport in the world, with about 200 million participants . It is characterized by a complex collection of movements including running, short sprints, rapid deceleration, turning, kicking, and tackling. These characteristics predispose participants to the relatively high injury rate of 12-35 injuries per 1,000 player game hours in adult men's football . The lower extremities are more often injured. Muscular strains are the most common traumatic injuries in football players, followed by contusions and ligamentous sprains [2-4]. All these injuries have an impact on the players' lives and hinder them from participating in training and matches. Furthermore, injuries can lead to a 22% re-injury rate .Moreover, injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears may force a player into retiring early. ACL tears can have a rate as high as 0.41 tears per 1,000 game hours at the male competitive level . In addition to the injury and its consequences for the players, associated costs of treatment are also a relevant issue . Therefore, it is important to know about preventive methods to avoid injuries, as well as future types of treatment using modern biological approaches.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Football Traumatology|
|Subtitle of host publication||Current Concepts: From Prevention to Treatment|
|Number of pages||9|
|ISBN (Print)||8847004187, 9788847004184|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas