Fungal load and candidiasis in Sjögren's syndrome

Lida Radfar, Yvonne Shea, Steven H. Fischer, Vidya Sankar, Rose Anne Leakan, Bruce J. Baum, Stanley R. Pillemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Objective. We sought to investigate the prevalence of Candida carriage and the relationships between salivary flow rates and oral Candida load in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Methods. The oral Candida load of patients with SS was evaluated by culturing oral rinse (swish and spit) samples. Culture, Gram stain, and wet-mount test results were reported. Results. One hundred three patients (96 women) met European criteria for SS (91 with primary SS and 12 with secondary SS). The mean age (95% confidence interval) was 55 years (range, 51-57 years). Oral rinse cultures were positive in 77% of subjects. The total stimulated salivary flow rate was inversely correlated with oral Candida load (r = -0.47; P ≤ .0001). The oral rinse samples yielded gram-positive results in 38% of patients with SS, and the Fungi-Fluor assay (wet mount) results were positive in 49%. Conclusions. The prevalence of Candida carriage varies according to the methods used to determine the presence of the organism and is similar to that reported in the literature. A low stimulated salivary flow rate - not a low unstimulated flow rate - was associated with Candida carriage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)


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