Functional properties of glomerular cells in culture

J. I. Kreisberg, A. Hassid

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the development of techniques to isolate and propagate homogeneous cultures of glomerular cell types, numerous investigations have been initiated to study the functional characteristics of cultured glomerular cells. Since much of the work to date has been performed on glomerular mesangial cells, a good deal of this discussion will be about this cell type. Glomerular mesangial cells together with the surrounding matrix material form the glomerular mesangium. These cells contain contractile microfilaments as well as receptors for vasoconstrictor substances such as angiotensin II. Therefore, one proposed function of this cell is the regulation of glomerular perfusion and filtration by contraction. Cultured mesangial cells contract in response to angiotensin II and arginine vasopressin and, in addition, produce prostaglandins which may function to regulate contraction. In this article, we will review the evidence that has accumualted concerning the contractile nature of mesangial cells. Since prostaglandins may influence mesangial cell contraction, the prostaglandin synthetic capabilities of glomerular epithelial and mesangial cells will be discussed. We still conclude by discussing how glomerular cell culture can be used to study the pathobiology of certain glomerular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalMineral and Electrolyte Metabolism
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry

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