Functional Hemispherectomy for Refractory Status Epilepticus in 2 Adults

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency, as deleterious long-term effects are well known. Medically induced burst suppression is often required if first-line and second-line treatments fail. Surgical intervention can be considered in some patients after prolonged treatment failure of medically induced coma. Multiple surgical options for terminating SE have been demonstrated in the literature, with only 2 reports including hemispherectomy in adults. Case Description We present 2 cases of adults with refractory SE who failed more conservative medical/surgical treatment but responded to functional hemispherectomy. Pertinent electroencephalography and imaging findings are discussed. In addition, all previously published pediatric and adult cases are briefly reviewed. Conclusions Functional hemispherectomy can be considered in patients, including adults, with super-refractory SE and diffuse hemispheric onset. We report acceptable outcomes and quality of life in our 2 patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489
Number of pages1
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Epilepsy
  • Hemispherectomy
  • Neurosurgery
  • Seizure
  • Status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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