Functional characteristics and differential expression of class II DR, DS, and SB antigens on human melanoma cell lines

Marilyn S. Pollack, Jacqueline Chin-Louie, Rebecca D. Moshief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Although most cultured melanoma cell lines express DR Class II molecules, many of these do not also express the DS (MB) Class II molecules as detected by a monoclonal antibody specific for DS. Cells lacking either DR or DS molecules or both could only be induced to express DR antigens in rare cases by combined incubations with azacytidine and Interleukin-2 conditioned medium, although the expression of DR molecules on fibroblasts or U937 monocytes could more easily be induced under the same culture conditions. Melanoma cells expressing DR antigens could function in antigen presentation for the histocompatibility antigens themselves and for DR specific presentation of TNP determinants to allogeneic T-cells sensitized to TNP modified lymphocytes and showing restriction in their responses to the specificity of the DR molecules expressed on the original, autologous senzitizing cells. DR positive melanoma cells could not, however, be demonstrated to function in the presentation of any of the soluble antigens tested. All DR positive melanoma cells also expressed SB antigens, but these were not detected on DR negative melanoma cells. These studies collectively indicate that the expression of Class II histocompatibility antigens on diverse cell types is subject to differential regulatory control and is associated with differences in their functional activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-87
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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