Free fatty acid-induced insulin resistance in the obese is not prevented by rosiglitazone treatment

Sandeep Dhindsa, Devjit Tripathy, Nishanth Sanalkumar, Shreyas Ravishankar, Husam Ghanim, Ahmad Aljada, Paresh Dandona

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Elevation of free fatty acids (FFAs) by the infusion of triglyceride-heparin emulsion infusion (TG-Hep) causes insulin resistance (IR). We examined the effect of insulin sensitizer (rosiglitazone) on FFA-induced IR. Design: Nine obese subjects underwent a 6-h infusion of TG-Hep before and after 6 wk of rosiglitazone (8 mg/d) treatment. Hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamps were performed during 0-2 and 4-6 h of TG-Hep. Results: After rosiglitazone for 6 wk, fasting FFA concentration fell, but not significantly (489 ± 63 at 0 wk; 397 ± 58 μmol/liter at 6 wk; P = 0.16), whereas C-reactive protein (4.26 ± 0.95 at 0 wk; 2.03 ± 0.45 μg/ml at 6 wk) and serum amyloid A (17.36 ± 4.63 at 0 wk; 8.77 ± 1.63 μg/ml at 6 wk) decreased significantly. At 0 wk, TG-Hep infusion caused a decrease in glucose infusion rate (GIR) from 4.49 ± 0.95 mg/kg·min to 3.02 ± 0.59 mg/kg·min (P = 0.018). Rosiglitazone treatment resulted in an increase in baseline GIR to 6.29 ± 0.81 mg/kg·min (P = 0.03 vs. 0 wk), which decreased to 4.52 ± 0.53 mg/kg·min (P = 0.001) after 6 h of TG-Hep infusion. The decrease in GIR induced by TG-Hep infusion was similar before and after rosiglitazone therapy [1.47 ± 0.50 vs. 1.77 0.3 mg/kg·min (28.9 ± 6.5 vs. 26.4 ± 3.7%); P = 0.51]. The rise in FFAs and triglycerides after TG-Hep infusion was significantly lower at 6 wk (P = 0.006 for FFAs; P = 0.024 for triglycerides). Conclusions: We conclude that rosiglitazone: 1) causes a significant increase in GIR; 2) induces a decrease in inflammatory mediators, C-reactive protein, and serum amyloid A; 3) decreases the rise in FFAs and triglycerides after TG-Hep infusion; and 4) does not prevent FFA-induced IR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5058-5063
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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    Dhindsa, S., Tripathy, D., Sanalkumar, N., Ravishankar, S., Ghanim, H., Aljada, A., & Dandona, P. (2005). Free fatty acid-induced insulin resistance in the obese is not prevented by rosiglitazone treatment. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 90(9), 5058-5063. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-0223