Foot and Ankle Conditions: Midfoot and Forefoot Conditions

Katherine M. Edenfield, Charlie Michaudet, Guy W. Nicolette, Peter J. Carek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas. All patients with traumatic or overuse midfoot and forefoot injuries should be evaluated with x-rays, with the need for advanced imaging determined based on initial findings. Appropriate diagnosis and management of Lisfranc joint injuries and navicular and base of the fifth metatarsal stress fractures can prevent adverse outcomes. Management of these injuries commonly includes a period of non-weight-bearing immobilization and referral to an orthopedic surgeon. Turf toe, hallux rigidus, metatarsalgia, and Morton neuroma are common causes of forefoot pain. Treatment should be individualized and may include shoe and orthotic adjustments, injections, and, occasionally, surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-34
Number of pages5
JournalFP essentials
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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