Age-related endothelial dysfunction has been suggested to play a role in atherogenesis. Food restriction (FR) has been shown to retard the development of atherosclerosis. The goal of this report is to assess the effect of aging and FR on endothelial functions, including the release of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) and the adhesion of mononuclear cells (MNCs) to endothelial cells (ECs). ECs were obtained from the aorta of young mice fed ad libitum (Y-AL), old mice fed ad libitum (O-AL), or a food-restricted diet (O-FR). When compared with those obtained from Y-AL and O-FR mice, ECs obtained from O-AL mice decreased the basal level of NO release and increased the basal level of peroxynitrite, superoxide, and hydrogen peroxide. In addition, ECs obtained from O-AL elevated the response to CuSO4-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). For example, incubation with oxLDL reduced NO release approximately 52% in ECs obtained from O-AL mice. In contrast, the same dose of oxLDL reduced NO release only approximately 40% in ECs obtained from Y-AL and O-FR mice. Moreover, the level of oxLDL-induced adhesion of MNCs and oxLDL-induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 was markedly higher in ECs obtained from O-AL mice as compared with those obtained from Y-AL and O-FR mice. These results suggest that aging increases the sensitivity of ECs in response to oxLDL-reduced endothelial NO release and oxLDL-increased adhesion of MNCs to ECs. FR attenuates age-related increase in the sensitivity of ECs to oxLDL, which might be responsible, at least in part, for the antiatherogenic action of FR.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences|
|State||Published - Apr 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology