Food Cues and Obesity: Overpowering Hormones and Energy Balance Regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the modern obesogenic environment, food cues play a crucial role in the development of obesity by disrupting hormone and energy balance mechanisms. Thus, it is critical to understand the neurobiology of feeding behaviors and obesity in the context of ubiquitous food cues. The current paper reviews the physiology of feeding, hormonal regulation of energy balance, and food cue responses and discusses their contributions to obesity.

RECENT FINDINGS: Food cues have strong impact on human physiology. Obese individuals have altered food cue-elicited responses in the brain and periphery, overpowering hormone and energy balance regulation. Disrupted homeostasis during food cue exposure leads to continued food intake, unsuccessful weight management, and poor treatment outcomes, which further contributes to obesity epidemic. Findings from the review emphasize the crucial role of food cues in obesity epidemic, which necessitates multidimensional approaches to the prevention and treatment of obesity, including psychosocial interventions to reduce food cue reactivity, along with conventional treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Obesity Reports
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain activity hormone
  • Energy balance
  • Food cues
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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