Follicular development and ovulation in the marmoset monkey as determined by repeated laparoscopic examination

S. D. Tardif, H. M. Lacker, M. Feuer

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Abstract

This paper describes the course of follicular development in vivo in the marmoset monkey, the only anthropoid primate with a relatively high (2-4) and variable ovulation number. Results are presented in relation to predictions from a mathematical model of control of follicle selection and ovulation number. Repeated laparoscopic examinations during the follicular phase were conducted for 14 cycles. Ovulatory follicles were 1.0 mm (median) in diameter at Day 6 and could be distinguished from nonovulatory follicles by Day 8, at which point they were 2.0 mm in diameter. Ovulations were not synchronous; the most common observation 1-2 days after the estradiol peak was ovulation of one follicle but not the other. Examination of the course of follicular development within a cycle and the distribution of ovulation sites both supported predictions stemming from a mathematical model of follicle selection developed by Lacker et al. [Biol Reprod 1987; 37:570-580]. Specific findings were the following: 1) Variations in patterns of follicle growth within a cycle resembled those generated by the model; in 64% of cycles, the 2-3 ovulatory follicles grew at similar rates. However, in 36% of cycles, ovulatory follicles displayed disparate rates of growth. 2) An examination of the distribution of ovulation sites (right versus left) revealed no significant difference from a binomial distribution, suggesting the likelihood that interovarian (rather than intraovarian) factors control this distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1119
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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