The authors have examined the nature of focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS) in fawn-hooded (FH) rats. The fawn-hooded rat develops pathologic features similar to those observed in steroid-resistant focal glomerular sclerosis, ie, by light microscopy some of the glomeruli appear normal but others show areas of solidification confined to one or two lobules of the tuft. The pathogenesis of this disease is not well known and there is a great need for an animal model. In the FH animal, a marked difference in the development of the lesion was noted between male and female rats. Fifty percent of 4-month-old males had proteinuria in excess of 10 mg/day (none of the females had significant proteinuria), while all 12-month-old males had proteinuria in excess of 45 mg/day (female 12-month-old FH rats had mean proteinuria of 7 mg/day). At 6 months of age continuing through 12 months of age, male FH rats had mesangial deposits of IgG, IgM, and, occasionally, C3, demonstrable by immunofluorescence, whether or not FGS was present. Subepithelial electron-dense deposits were never seen by electron microscopy either at 6 or 12 months. Six-month-old animals frequently did not exhibit FGS. Instead, the glomerular epithelial cells exhibited fusion of foot processes, vacuolization, and, in some areas, focal loss of the epithelial covering on the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Six-month-old males with proteinuria exhibited focal loss of negative charge from all layers of the filtration barrier. The GBM from sclerotic glomeruli of 12-month-old rats was commonly denuded of epithelium. None of the animals in this study was uremic. FH rats demonstrated FGS associated with progressive glomerular epithelial cell injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine