Fluvoxamine effects on concurrent ethanol- and food-maintained behaviors

Brett C. Ginsburg, R. J. Lamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In previous studies, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine preferentially reduced responding for ethanol compared with responding for food under conditions in which each was available alone in separate groups or in the same subjects under a multiple schedule in which baseline response rates were matched. The impact of providing concurrent access to food on pharmacological effects on ethanol self-administration remains largely unexplored. In this study, acute doses of fluvoxamine (3.0-17.8 mg/kg) were administered 30 min before the experimental session to Lewis rats responding under a concurrent fixed-ratio, fixed-ratio schedule of ethanol and food presentation. Ratios for food were adjusted for each subject to provide matched rates of food and ethanol reinforcement across the 30-min session. Although the number of ethanol and food deliveries did not significantly differ under baseline conditions, response rates did differ. Following fluvoxamine administration, responding for food was decreased more than responding for ethanol. This differential effect did not appear to be related to response rate or fixed-ratio size. Thus, the selectivity of fluvoxamine on ethanol- versus food-maintained responding depends on the context in which the behavior occurs. Such results may help explain inconsistencies between preclinical results and those in humans, and could provide insight into the behavioral determinants of pharmacological effects on ethanol self-administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-492
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Alcoholism
  • Concurrent schedule
  • Ethanol self-administration
  • Ethanol-maintained behaviors
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Food-maintained behaviors
  • Lewis rat
  • Operant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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