PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and clinical effectiveness of fluoroscopically guided balloon dilation in 62 patients with benign anastomotic stricture after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1996 and June 2004, fluoroscopically guided balloon dilation was undertaken in 62 patients with benign anastomotic stricture after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. Radiologic images and medical records including complications were retrospectively reviewed. The maximum diameters of the balloon catheters used were 18-20 mm. Clinical success was defined by the absence of recurrent dysphagia after balloon dilation until the most recent follow-up. The Fisher exact test was used to assess the relationship of symptomatic recurrence and the balloon size, width of the stricture, and radiation therapy. RESULTS: There were 115 sessions of balloon dilation in 62 patients (mean, 1.85 sessions per patient). Clinical success was achieved in 59 patients (95%) by means of a single dilation (n = 29) or by multiple dilations (n = 30). One patient with severe stenosis was successfully treated with temporary placement of a covered retrievable stent. Major complications such as esophageal perforation or massive bleeding did not occur. Four patients with mucosal tear (n = 3) or aspiration pneumonia (n = 1) were conservatively treated. Patients with severe stricture had more symptomatic recurrences than those with moderate stricture. CONCLUSION: Fluoroscopically guided balloon dilation is a safe and successful treatment modality for benign anastomotic stricture after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine