Fluorinated and un-fluorinated N-halamines as antimicrobial and biofilm-controlling additives for polymers

Jiajin Lin, Fuguang Jiang, Jianchuan Wen, Wei Lv, Nuala Porteous, Ying Deng, Yuyu Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of fluorination on the antimicrobial and biofilm-controlling activities of N-halamine-based additives for polymers. A fluorinated N-halamine, 1-chloro-3-1H,1H,2H,2H-perflurooctyl-5,5-dimetylhydantoin (Cl-FODMH), and its un-fluorinated counterpart, 1-chloro-3-octyl-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (Cl-ODMH), were synthesized and characterized with FT-IR, 1H NMR, and DSC studies. Polyurethane (PU) films containing Cl-ODMH and Cl-FODMH as antimicrobial additives were fabricated through solvent casting. With the same additive contents (1wt%-5 wt%), PU films with Cl-FODMH showed higher contact angle values. AFM, SEM and DSC results revealed that while Cl-ODMH distributed evenly within PU, Cl-FODMH aggregated and formed macro-domains in PU. Antimicrobial studies showed that PU films with Cl-ODMH had higher antimicrobial and biofilm-controlling potency against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria than PU samples with Cl-FODMH. These results demonstrated the importance of distribution of additives in polymers on antimicrobial performances, shedding lights on future antimicrobial material design strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-100
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2015

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Fluorinated
  • N-halamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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