Flow-through anterolateral thigh flaps: Report of 3 consecutive cases and review of its utility

Noah H. Saad, Kelly Rosso, Howard T Wang, Douglas Cromack, Efstathios Karamanos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery, soft tissue reconstruction of Gustilo 3B with peripheral vascular disease or 3C fractures is a complex treatment algorithm. The concomitant issue of soft tissue coverage with vascular reconstruction is the main challenge when opting for free tissue transfer. The flow-through flap offers the surgeon the ability to treat a vascular injury or high-grade stenosis to maintain distal perfusion, while also providing soft tissue coverage. In this study, we present a case series of 3 patients who underwent flow-through anterolateral thigh free flap for lower extremity soft tissue coverage. Each patient had a history of trauma and either single vessel runoff or a dominant branch with diminutive secondary blood flow to the foot. All patients successfully underwent free flap reconstruction of lower extremity wounds while concomitantly reconstructing diseased arterial supply. Only 1 patient suffered partial flap loss postoperatively that was treated with debridement and split thickness skin grafting. Flow-through free tissue transfer is a valuable treatment option not only in Gustilo 3C fractures requiring soft tissue coverage, but also in patients with Gustilo 3B fractures with peripheral vascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3584
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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