Flexible Porous Piezoelectric Cantilever on a Pacemaker Lead for Compact Energy Harvesting

Lin Dong, Xiaomin Han, Zhe Xu, Andrew B. Closson, Yin Liu, Chunsheng Wen, Xi Liu, Gladys Patricia Escobar, Meagan Oglesby, Marc D Feldman, Zi Chen, John X.J. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-sustainable energy generation represents a new frontier to greatly extend the lifetime and effectiveness of implantable biomedical devices, such as cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators. However, there is a lack of promising technologies which can efficiently convert the mechanical energy of the beating heart to electrical energy with minimal risk of interfering with the cardiovascular functions. Here a unique design is presented based on existing pacemaker leads tailored for compact energy harvesting. This new design incorporates flexible porous polyvinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene thin film within a dual-cantilever structure, which wraps around the pacemaker lead with two free ends sticking out for harvesting energy from the heart's motion. Under various anchor methods of the lead, the maximum electrical output yields 0.5 V and 43 nA under the frequency of 1 Hz. It is found that adding a proof mass of 31.6 mg on the dual-cantilever tip results in a 1.82 times power enhancement. The scalability of the design is also demonstrated, e.g., by connecting two such units in parallel, their simultaneous vibration can together contribute to energy conversion. Collectively, this study implies that sufficient electrical energy can be converted from the kinetic energy of a pacemaker lead especially at low frequencies to sustain operations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Pacemakers
Energy harvesting
Lead
Defibrillators
Anchors
Energy conversion
Kinetic energy
Scalability
Thin films

Keywords

  • cantilever
  • cardiac energy harvesting
  • low frequency
  • porous PVDF-TrFE
  • thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Dong, L., Han, X., Xu, Z., Closson, A. B., Liu, Y., Wen, C., ... Zhang, J. X. J. (Accepted/In press). Flexible Porous Piezoelectric Cantilever on a Pacemaker Lead for Compact Energy Harvesting. Advanced Materials Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.201800148

Flexible Porous Piezoelectric Cantilever on a Pacemaker Lead for Compact Energy Harvesting. / Dong, Lin; Han, Xiaomin; Xu, Zhe; Closson, Andrew B.; Liu, Yin; Wen, Chunsheng; Liu, Xi; Escobar, Gladys Patricia; Oglesby, Meagan; Feldman, Marc D; Chen, Zi; Zhang, John X.J.

In: Advanced Materials Technologies, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dong, L, Han, X, Xu, Z, Closson, AB, Liu, Y, Wen, C, Liu, X, Escobar, GP, Oglesby, M, Feldman, MD, Chen, Z & Zhang, JXJ 2018, 'Flexible Porous Piezoelectric Cantilever on a Pacemaker Lead for Compact Energy Harvesting', Advanced Materials Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.201800148
Dong, Lin ; Han, Xiaomin ; Xu, Zhe ; Closson, Andrew B. ; Liu, Yin ; Wen, Chunsheng ; Liu, Xi ; Escobar, Gladys Patricia ; Oglesby, Meagan ; Feldman, Marc D ; Chen, Zi ; Zhang, John X.J. / Flexible Porous Piezoelectric Cantilever on a Pacemaker Lead for Compact Energy Harvesting. In: Advanced Materials Technologies. 2018.
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