Flame retardant intumescent polyamide 11 nanocomposites - Further study

S. C. Lao, J. H. Koo, T. J. Moon, W. Yong, C. Lam, J. Zhou, B. Hadisujoto, G. Wissler, L. Pilato, Z. P. Luo

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The objective of this research is to develop improved polyamide 11 and 12 polymers with enhanced flame retardancy, thermal, and mechanical properties for selective laser sintering (SLS) rapid manufacturing (RM). In the present study, a nanophase was introduced into the polyamide 11 and combine with a conventional intumescent flame retardant (FR) additive via twin screw extrusion. Arkema Rilsan® polyamide 11 molding polymer pellets were used with two types of nanoparticles such as: chemically modified montmorillonite (MMT) organoclays and carbon nanofibers (CNFs). Two types of Clariant's Exolit® OP 1311 and 1312 intumescent FR additives were used to generate a family of FR intumescent polyamide 11 nanocomposites with anticipated synergism. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to determine the degree of dispersion. Injection molded test specimens were fabricated for physical, thermal, mechanical properties, and flammability measurements. Thermal stability of these intumescent polyamide 11 nanocomposites was examined by TGA. Mechanical properties such as ultimate tensile strength, rupture tensile strength, and elongation at rupture were measured. Flammability properties were also obtained using the UL 94 test method. TEM and SEM micrographs, physical, mechanical, and flammability properties are presented in the paper. FR intumescent polyamide 11 nanocomposites properties are compared with polyamide 11 baseline polymers. Based on flammability and mechanical material performance, selective polymers including polyamide 11 nanocomposites and control polyamide 11 will be cryogenically ground into fine powders for SLS RM processing. SLS specimens will be fabricated for flammability, mechanical and thermal properties characterization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event19th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, SFF 2008 - Austin, TX, United States
Duration: Aug 4 2008Aug 6 2008


Conference19th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, SFF 2008
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAustin, TX

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


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