First transit and equilibrium radionuclide angiography in patients with inferior transmural myocardial infarction: Criteria for the diagnosis of associated hemodynamically significant right ventricular infarction

Mark R. Starling, Louis J. Dell’Italia, Tuhin K. Chaudhuri, Bruce L. Boros, Robert A. O’Rourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

To define radionuclide criteria for identifying hemodynamically significant right ventricular infarction, 33 consecutive men with inferior transmural infarction were evaluated prospectively by right heart catheterization and first transit and equilibrium radionuclide angiography within 36 hours of the onset of symptoms. Hemodynamically significant right ventricular infarction was present in 6 of the 33 patients (Group I); the remaining 27 patients did not demonstrate the hemodynamics characteristic of right ventricular infarction (Group II). A right ventricular ejection fraction of less than 40% separated Group I and Group II patients by equilibrium (p = 0.003) but not by first transit (p = NS) radionuclide angiography. However, a right ventricular ejection fraction of less than 35% separated Group I and II patients by both techniques (p = 0.02 and p = 0.005, respectively). The presence of a right ventricular regional wall motion abnormality on either first transit or equilibrium radionuclide angiograms separated Group I and II patients (p < 0.001). The combination of both a right ventricular ejection fraction of less than 40% and a regional wall motion abnormality separated Group I and II patients using either equilibrium (p < 0.001) or first transit (p = 0.02) radionuclide angiography. It is concluded that in patients with acute inferior transmural myocardial infarction, a right ventricular regional wall motion abnormality alone or in combination with a right ventricular ejection fraction of less than 40% by either first transit or equilibrium radionuclide angiography is a useful criterion for establishing the presence of hemodynamically significant right ventricular infarction, while its absence argues against the diagnosis of right ventricular infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-930
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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