Finasteride Decreases the Risk of Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Ian M. Thompson, M. Scott Lucia, Mary W. Redman, Amy Darke, Francisco G. La Rosa, Howard L. Parnes, Scott M. Lippman, Charles A. Coltman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is likely a premalignant lesion of the prostate. Decreasing the frequency of high grade PIN may decrease the risk of prostate cancer. In the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial we evaluated the impact of finasteride on the risk of a needle biopsy diagnosis of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Materials and Methods: The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial was a randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial that enrolled 18,882 men without evidence of prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen less than 3.0 ng/ml and normal digital rectal examination, and randomized them to 5 mg finasteride daily or placebo. Subjects were followed for 7 years with biopsy recommended for prostate specific antigen greater than 4.0 ng/ml, adjusted in the finasteride group to achieve an equal number of biopsy recommendations or for abnormal digital rectal examination. All cancer-free subjects were recommended to undergo biopsy after 7 years on study. We evaluated the diagnosis of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia with or without concomitant prostate cancer in these 2 study groups. Results: The number of men evaluable for high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was 4,568 in the finasteride group and 4,886 in the placebo group. High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia alone was diagnosed in 276 men (6.0%) in the finasteride group vs 347 (7.1%) in the placebo group (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.99, p = 0.04). High grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia accompanied by prostate cancer was diagnosed in 144 men (3.2%) in the finasteride group vs 223 (4.6%) in the placebo group (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.56-0.85, p = 0.0004). Finasteride significantly decreased the overall risk of high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (alone and with cancer) from 570 cases (11.7%) in the placebo group to 420 (9.2%) in the finasteride group (HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.70-0.89, p <0.001). Conclusions: Finasteride significantly decreased the risk of high grade PIN. This observation may explain how finasteride decreased prostate cancer in the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial, supporting the notion that high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia is a premalignant lesion of the prostate, and it provides new information relevant to the consideration of finasteride for prostate cancer prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-110
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume178
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • finasteride
  • prevention and control
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Finasteride Decreases the Risk of Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this