BACKGROUND: Adhesion of vascular endothelial cells to the underlying basement membrane potently modulates endothelial cells to cells’ inflammatory activation. The normal basement membrane proteins laminin and collagen IV attenuate inflammatory signaling in part through integrin α2β1. In contrast, fibronectin, the provisional matrix protein found in injured, remodeling or inflamed vessels, sensitizes endothelial cells to inflammatory stimuli through integrins α5β1and and αvβ3. A chimeric integrin in which the cytoplasmic domain of α5 is replaced with that of α2 pairs with β1 and binds fibronectin but signals like α2β1. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we examined mice in which integrin α5 is replaced with the α5/2 chimera, using the transverse aortic constriction and partial carotid ligation models of vessel remodeling. Following transverse aortic constriction and partial carotid ligation surgery, wild-type mice showed increased fibronectin deposition and expression of inflammatory markers, which were strongly attenuated in a5/2 mice. α5/2 mice also showed reduced artery wall hypertrophy in the transverse aortic constriction model and diminished inward remodeling in the partial carotid ligation model. Acute atherosclerosis after partial carotid ligation in hyperlipidemic ApoE− / − mice on a high fat diet was dramatically decreased in α5/2 mice. CONCLUSIONS: Fibronectin and integrin α5 signaling is a key element of pathological vascular remodeling in acute models of both hypertension and disturbed flow. These results underscore the key role for integrin α5 signaling in pathological vascular remodeling associated with hypertension and atherosclerosis and support its potential as a therapeutic target.
- Artery wall remodeling
- Extracellular matrix
- Integrin signaling
- Transverse aortic constriction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine