Fibromyalgia syndrome: Presentation, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis

I. Jon Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) typically presents with widespread soft tissue pain. A research classification of this disorder, used since 1990 to make the diagnosis, depends on the history of wide-spread pain and prominent tenderness to palpation at ≥11 of 18 anatomically-defined tender points throughout the body. Therefore, FMS is a criteria-based diagnosis rather than a diagnosis of exclusion. Common comorbid manifestations of FMS can include severe insomnia, body stiffness, affective symptoms, irritable bowel syndrome, and urethral syndrome. Epidemiologically, FMS can occur at any age, but is more common in adult females than in adult males. FMS can accompany a number of other conditions such as rheumatic diseases, infections, and endocrine disorders, so differential diagnosis is important even after making a diagnosis of FMS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalPrimary Psychiatry
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Fibromyalgia syndrome: Presentation, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this