Fibroblastic reticular cells and their role in viral hemorrhagic fevers

Keith E. Steele, Arthur O. Anderson, Mansour Mohamadzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) caused by Ebola, Marburg and Lassa viruses often manifest as multiple organ dysfunction and hemorrhagic shock with high mortality. These viruses target numerous cell types, including monocytes and dendritic cells, which are primary early targets that mediate critical pathogenetic processes. This review focuses on fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs), another prevalent infected cell type that is known as a key regulator of circulatory and immune functions. Viral infection of FRCs could have debilitating effects in secondary lymphoid organs and various other tissues. FRCs may also contribute to the spread of these deadly viruses throughout the body. Here, we review the salient features of these VHFs and the biology of FRCs, emphasizing the potential role of these cells in VHFs and the rapid deterioration of immune and hemovascular sytems that are characteristic of such acute infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-435
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ebola virus
  • Fibroblastic reticular cell
  • Lassa virus
  • Marburg virus
  • Viral hemmorrhagic fever

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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