Feasibility of concomitant vacuum-assisted removal of lead-related vegetations and cardiac implantable electronic device extraction

Hemant Godara, Kelly Qi Jia, Ralph S. Augostini, Mahmoud Houmsse, Toshimasa Okabe, John D. Hummel, Raul Weiss, Steven J. Kalbfleisch, Muhammad R. Afzal, Auroa Badin, Rafael Cavalcanti, Diego Alcivar Franco, Jaret Tyler, Emile G. Daoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections associated with large, mobile vegetation adds to the complexity of lead extraction and is associated with significant patient morbidity and mortality. Objective: To show the feasibility of concomitant cardiovascular implantable electronic device extraction and vacuum-assisted removal of lead-related vegetations. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective case series of consecutive patients with persistent bacteremia, sepsis, or endocarditis despite medical therapy who have vegetations >2 cm and subsequently underwent immediate CIED lead extraction after debulking with vacuum-assisted suction. Results: Eight patients underwent successful removal of 17 leads immediately after debulking of vegetations with vacuum-assisted device suction. Debulking procedure was not successful in 1 patient due to inability to direct the vacuum suction device into proper position. There were no intraprocedure complications related to the vacuum-assisted debulking. One patient required open sternotomy for tear of the coronary sinus ostium related to extraction of a left ventricular pacing electrode. There was no mortality within 30 days of the procedure. Conclusions: Based upon these clinical results, it is feasible for patients with infected CIED systems that have large right-sided vegetations to undergo vacuum-assisted debulking then immediately followed by percutaneous CIED removal in whom surgical removal is considered high risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1460-1466
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiac implantable electronic device
  • debulking
  • endocarditis
  • infection
  • lead extraction
  • lead removal
  • vacuum
  • vegetation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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