Feasibility of a novel veno-veno circuit as a central rewarming method in a severely hypothermic canine model

Christopher Haughn, Ugo Gallo, A. Jay Raimonde, Michelle Evancho-Chapman, Dane Arends, Steven P. Schmidt, Jon Beezley, Mark Sparkman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: Many victims of accidental hypothermia are successfully resuscitated, but questions remain regarding the optimum rewarming techniques. Most of the invasive warming techniques such as closed thoracic lavage, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and cardiopulmonary bypass require specialized personnel, equipment, and procedures that are not readily available in all facilities. The objective of this study was to investigate the technical feasibility of utilizing a novel veno-veno rewarming circuit to resuscitate severely hypothermic subjects. If this alternative invasive warming technique is successful, it could be available to treat hypothermic patients in virtually any emergency department setting. Methods: The rewarming system consisted of a Baxter ThermaCyl warmer (Baxter Co., McGaw Park, IL), a roller pump, hemodialysis tubing, connectors, and 2 venous catheters. Blood was pumped from the body via the femoral vein, through the roller pump, into the warmer, and then returned to the body via the right jugular vein. Seven adult mongrel hounds of similar weights (20 to 25 kg) were anesthetized and instrumented for data collection. Temperature probes were placed in the rectum, the peritoneal cavity, and the esophagus to record core temperatures. Each animal was cooled by ice packing to a central core temperature of 29 °C and then rewarmed using the described veno-veno circuit. Vital signs, pulse oximetry, cardiac rhythm, and laboratory values were obtained prior to cooling the animals, and were repeated for every degree Celsius change once warming began. Results: Because of technical difficulties, data from 1 dog were not included in the results. Of the remaining 6 dogs, all were rewarmed from 29 °C to 37 °C. Adverse side effects included gross hematuria, acidemia (median pH decrease was 0.088), and decreases in haptoglobin (median decrease 13.5 g/dl), hemoglobin (median decrease 1.35 g/dl), and arterial pO2 level (median decrease 167 mm Hg). Decreases in blood pressure and heart rate were also noted during the cooling process, but reversed upon rewarming. Conclusion: From this pilot study, we conclude that our novel veno-veno circuit rewarming is a feasible method of rewarming hypothermic subjects and warrants further investigation and comparison with other active warming methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Accidental hypothermia
  • Canine model
  • Extracorporeal rewarming
  • Veno-veno rewarming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility of a novel veno-veno circuit as a central rewarming method in a severely hypothermic canine model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this