Fast acquisition cone-beam computed tomography: Initial experience with a 10 s protocol

Visish M. Srinivasan, Gouthami Chintalapani, Kevin Matthew Camstra, Sabih T. Effendi, Jacob Cherian, Jeremiah N. Johnson, Stephen R. Chen, Peter Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) facilitates the acquisition of cross-sectional imaging in angiography suites using a rotational C-arm and digital flat panel detectors. The applications are numerous, including evaluation of implanted devices and localization of cerebrovascular lesions. We present and validate the clinical utility of an alternative fast CBCT acquisition protocol in the context of neurovascular device imaging. Methods: Contrast-enhanced (CE)-CBCT images were acquired using a new 10 s protocol in a phantom head model, swine model, and in patients. The acquisition parameters of both the 10 s and 20 s protocols were exactly the same, except for fewer projections (250 projections in 10 s vs 500 projections in 20 s), resulting in reduced scan time. Image quality was measured quantitatively in a controlled phantom study and qualitatively by blinded reviewers. The latter was performed to assess the image quality of the 10 s protocol pertinent to the device visibility and its apposition to the parent artery. Results: 10 s CBCT images were comparable to 20 s CBCT in both phantom and animal studies. Of the 25 patient images, the reviewers agreed that they were able to discern the flow diverter struts and assess the apposition in all images. The overall rating for all 10 s images was 4.28 on a 5-point scale. No images were rated as less than 3, which was the average diagnostic quality. The ratings were concordant across three blinded reviewers (κ =0.411). Additionally, contrast and spatial resolution between 10 s and 20 s images were similar in non-human models. Conclusions: CBCT images of neurovascular devices can be obtained successfully using a 10 s acquisition protocol. In addition, the 10 s protocol offers faster acquisition, thus allowing its use in awake patients and with an added advantage of lower radiation and contrast dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 3 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Equipment and Supplies
Angiography
Arm
Swine
Arteries
Head
Radiation

Keywords

  • angiography
  • flow diverter
  • stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Srinivasan, V. M., Chintalapani, G., Camstra, K. M., Effendi, S. T., Cherian, J., Johnson, J. N., ... Kan, P. (Accepted/In press). Fast acquisition cone-beam computed tomography: Initial experience with a 10 s protocol. Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2017-013475

Fast acquisition cone-beam computed tomography : Initial experience with a 10 s protocol. / Srinivasan, Visish M.; Chintalapani, Gouthami; Camstra, Kevin Matthew; Effendi, Sabih T.; Cherian, Jacob; Johnson, Jeremiah N.; Chen, Stephen R.; Kan, Peter.

In: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery, 03.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Srinivasan, Visish M. ; Chintalapani, Gouthami ; Camstra, Kevin Matthew ; Effendi, Sabih T. ; Cherian, Jacob ; Johnson, Jeremiah N. ; Chen, Stephen R. ; Kan, Peter. / Fast acquisition cone-beam computed tomography : Initial experience with a 10 s protocol. In: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery. 2018.
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