Familial Transmission of Continuous Performance Test Behavior: Attentional and Impulsive Response Characteristics

Donald M Dougherty, James M. Bjork, F. Gerard Moeller, R. Andrew Harper, Charles W Mathias, Charles W. Mathias, Alan C. Swann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) provide information on attentional processing and impulsive behavior. The results of previous research that used self-report measures have provided evidence for familial transmission (through genetic and/or environmental influences) of impulsive characteristics. The authors of the present study examined whether the impulsive behavioral parameters that are measured by the CPT also share familial relationships. The researchers asked 26 healthy parent-adolescent pairs to complete the Immediate and Delayed Memory Tasks (IMT/DMT; D. M. Dougherty, 1999; D. M. Dougherty, D. M. Marsh, & C. W. Mathias, 2002), a modified CPT (B. A. Cornblatt, N. J. Risch, G. Faris, D. Friedman, & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, 1988; H. E. Rosvold, A. Mirsky, I. Sarason, E. D. Breansome, Jr., & L. H. Beck, 1956), and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; J. H. Patton, M. S. Stanford, & E. S. Barratt, 1995), a self-report measure. The main findings can be summarized as follows: (a) commission errors (but not correct detections) on the IMT and DMT were correlated between parents and their adolescent children, (b) adolescents emitted a higher proportion of commission errors than did their parents, and (c) self-reported impulsivity (i.e., BIS) was correlated with commission errors for parents, but not for adolescents. The findings of this study support the use of an objective behavioral measure of impulsivity to assess familial relationships of impulsivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-21
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of General Psychology
Volume130
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Impulsive Behavior
parents
adolescent
Parents
Self Report
performance
Repression (Psychology)
Wetlands
Short-Term Memory
Research Personnel
Familial
Performance Test
Research
evidence
Impulsivity
Self-report

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Continuous Performance Test
  • Familial
  • Impulsivity
  • Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Familial Transmission of Continuous Performance Test Behavior : Attentional and Impulsive Response Characteristics. / Dougherty, Donald M; Bjork, James M.; Moeller, F. Gerard; Harper, R. Andrew; Mathias, Charles W; Mathias, Charles W.; Swann, Alan C.

In: Journal of General Psychology, Vol. 130, No. 1, 01.2003, p. 5-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dougherty, Donald M ; Bjork, James M. ; Moeller, F. Gerard ; Harper, R. Andrew ; Mathias, Charles W ; Mathias, Charles W. ; Swann, Alan C. / Familial Transmission of Continuous Performance Test Behavior : Attentional and Impulsive Response Characteristics. In: Journal of General Psychology. 2003 ; Vol. 130, No. 1. pp. 5-21.
@article{c1a049a1310b4970a9dff860a4ee0187,
title = "Familial Transmission of Continuous Performance Test Behavior: Attentional and Impulsive Response Characteristics",
abstract = "Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) provide information on attentional processing and impulsive behavior. The results of previous research that used self-report measures have provided evidence for familial transmission (through genetic and/or environmental influences) of impulsive characteristics. The authors of the present study examined whether the impulsive behavioral parameters that are measured by the CPT also share familial relationships. The researchers asked 26 healthy parent-adolescent pairs to complete the Immediate and Delayed Memory Tasks (IMT/DMT; D. M. Dougherty, 1999; D. M. Dougherty, D. M. Marsh, & C. W. Mathias, 2002), a modified CPT (B. A. Cornblatt, N. J. Risch, G. Faris, D. Friedman, & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, 1988; H. E. Rosvold, A. Mirsky, I. Sarason, E. D. Breansome, Jr., & L. H. Beck, 1956), and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; J. H. Patton, M. S. Stanford, & E. S. Barratt, 1995), a self-report measure. The main findings can be summarized as follows: (a) commission errors (but not correct detections) on the IMT and DMT were correlated between parents and their adolescent children, (b) adolescents emitted a higher proportion of commission errors than did their parents, and (c) self-reported impulsivity (i.e., BIS) was correlated with commission errors for parents, but not for adolescents. The findings of this study support the use of an objective behavioral measure of impulsivity to assess familial relationships of impulsivity.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Continuous Performance Test, Familial, Impulsivity, Parents",
author = "Dougherty, {Donald M} and Bjork, {James M.} and Moeller, {F. Gerard} and Harper, {R. Andrew} and Mathias, {Charles W} and Mathias, {Charles W.} and Swann, {Alan C.}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "130",
pages = "5--21",
journal = "Journal of General Psychology",
issn = "0022-1309",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Familial Transmission of Continuous Performance Test Behavior

T2 - Attentional and Impulsive Response Characteristics

AU - Dougherty, Donald M

AU - Bjork, James M.

AU - Moeller, F. Gerard

AU - Harper, R. Andrew

AU - Mathias, Charles W

AU - Mathias, Charles W.

AU - Swann, Alan C.

PY - 2003/1

Y1 - 2003/1

N2 - Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) provide information on attentional processing and impulsive behavior. The results of previous research that used self-report measures have provided evidence for familial transmission (through genetic and/or environmental influences) of impulsive characteristics. The authors of the present study examined whether the impulsive behavioral parameters that are measured by the CPT also share familial relationships. The researchers asked 26 healthy parent-adolescent pairs to complete the Immediate and Delayed Memory Tasks (IMT/DMT; D. M. Dougherty, 1999; D. M. Dougherty, D. M. Marsh, & C. W. Mathias, 2002), a modified CPT (B. A. Cornblatt, N. J. Risch, G. Faris, D. Friedman, & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, 1988; H. E. Rosvold, A. Mirsky, I. Sarason, E. D. Breansome, Jr., & L. H. Beck, 1956), and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; J. H. Patton, M. S. Stanford, & E. S. Barratt, 1995), a self-report measure. The main findings can be summarized as follows: (a) commission errors (but not correct detections) on the IMT and DMT were correlated between parents and their adolescent children, (b) adolescents emitted a higher proportion of commission errors than did their parents, and (c) self-reported impulsivity (i.e., BIS) was correlated with commission errors for parents, but not for adolescents. The findings of this study support the use of an objective behavioral measure of impulsivity to assess familial relationships of impulsivity.

AB - Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) provide information on attentional processing and impulsive behavior. The results of previous research that used self-report measures have provided evidence for familial transmission (through genetic and/or environmental influences) of impulsive characteristics. The authors of the present study examined whether the impulsive behavioral parameters that are measured by the CPT also share familial relationships. The researchers asked 26 healthy parent-adolescent pairs to complete the Immediate and Delayed Memory Tasks (IMT/DMT; D. M. Dougherty, 1999; D. M. Dougherty, D. M. Marsh, & C. W. Mathias, 2002), a modified CPT (B. A. Cornblatt, N. J. Risch, G. Faris, D. Friedman, & L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling, 1988; H. E. Rosvold, A. Mirsky, I. Sarason, E. D. Breansome, Jr., & L. H. Beck, 1956), and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; J. H. Patton, M. S. Stanford, & E. S. Barratt, 1995), a self-report measure. The main findings can be summarized as follows: (a) commission errors (but not correct detections) on the IMT and DMT were correlated between parents and their adolescent children, (b) adolescents emitted a higher proportion of commission errors than did their parents, and (c) self-reported impulsivity (i.e., BIS) was correlated with commission errors for parents, but not for adolescents. The findings of this study support the use of an objective behavioral measure of impulsivity to assess familial relationships of impulsivity.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Continuous Performance Test

KW - Familial

KW - Impulsivity

KW - Parents

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038281473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038281473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12635853

AN - SCOPUS:0038281473

VL - 130

SP - 5

EP - 21

JO - Journal of General Psychology

JF - Journal of General Psychology

SN - 0022-1309

IS - 1

ER -