Familial resemblance in humoral immune response to defined and crude Schistosoma mansoni antigens in an endemic area in Brazil

J. Bethony, A. M.S. Silveira, L. F. Alves-Oliveira, A. Thakur, G. Gazzinelli, R. Correa-Oliveira, P. T. LoVerde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study addressed whether the humoral immune response to crude and defined Schistosoma mansoni antigens aggregates within families. The sample included 155 siblings from 42 nuclear families in Brazil. Sera examined by ELISA for antibody isotypes reactive to defined schistosome antigens and crude schistosome antigens (soluble adult worm antigen preparation and soluble egg antigen) demonstrated that there was a difference in sibling-pair correlations between defined and crude S. mansoni antigens. In contrast to the finding with crude antigens, egg-positive sibling pairs showed significant familial resemblance for all IgG subclasses and IgE to adult- stage antigens Smp20.8 and Smp50. Only the IgE and IgG4 isotypes showed familial resemblance to the egg-stage antigen, Smp40. Egg-negative sibling pairs showed significant familial resemblance only for IgE and IgG4 to Smp40. That both the IgE and IgG4 response to defined S. mansoni antigens showed familial resemblance is interesting in light of the converging evidence for the role of IgE and IgG4 in human susceptibility and resistance to reinfection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1665-1673
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume180
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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