Faculty and Resident Contraceptive Opt Outs and Training Site Restrictions: A CERA Study

Grace Shih, Debra Stulberg, Tyler W. Barreto, C. Holly A. Andrilla, Suzette Guzman, Melissa Nothnagle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contraception is a core component of family medicine residency curriculum. Institutional environments can influence residents' access to contraceptive training and thus their ability to meet the reproductive health needs of their patients. METHODS: Contraceptive training questions were included in the 2020 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency program directors. The survey asked how many faculty and residents opt out of providing contraceptive methods for moral or religious reasons, and whether training sites have institutional restrictions on contraception. We performed descriptive statistics and regression to identify program characteristics associated with having a resident or faculty opt out of providing contraceptive care. RESULTS: Of 626 program directors, 249 responded to the survey, and 237 answered the contraceptive questions. Percentages of program directors reporting any residents or faculty who opted out of contraceptive services are as follows: pill/patch/ring (residents 27%; faculty 17%), emergency contraception (residents 40%, faculty 33%), or intrauterine devices/implants (resident 29%; faculty 23%). Programs in the South (OR 2.78; 1.19-6.49) and those with Catholic affiliation (OR 2.35; 1.23-4.91) had higher adjusted odds of at least one opt-out faculty but were not associated with having opt-out residents. Eleven percent of programs had at least one training site with institutional restrictions on contraception. CONCLUSIONS: To ensure that residents have access to adequate contraceptive training, residencies should proactively seek faculty and training environments that meet residents' needs, and should make limitations on services clear to potential residents and patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalFamily medicine
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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