The release of serotype III group B streptococcal polysaccharides into the supernatant fluid was examined under a variety of physiological conditions. Release of both high- and low-molecular-weight type III antigens was fairly constant throughout exponential growth, but increased markedly upon entering the stationary phase of growth. Increased glucose and decreased phosphate concentrations both caused a large increase in release of antigens. Inhibition of protein synthesis in exponentially growing cells by chloramphenicol (10 μg/ml) caused a condition of unbalanced growth in which antigen release was increased greatly over control values. Strain variability in antigen release was also observed. Strains which are known to be high neuraminidase producers released elevated levels of both low- and high-molecular-weight type III antigens. Non-neuraminidase-producing strains released considerably less high-molecular-weight antigen, but similar levels of the low-molecular-weight antigen compared with the high neuraminidase producers. Strain D136C, a type III non-neuraminidase producer, released negligible quantities of the high-molecular-weight antigen in the supernatant fluid. These results indicate that both the physiological environment and the type III strain are important in determining the quantity of type-specific antigen released into the culture fluid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases