Factors Associated with Short and Long Term Cognitive Changes in Patients with Sepsis

Allan J.C. Calsavara, Priscila A. Costa, Vandack Nobre, Antonio L. Teixeira

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51 Scopus citations


This study aimed to assess cognition in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock and whether cognitive impairment was associated with clinical and laboratory parameters. We conducted a cohort study of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock evaluated within 24 h and one year after ICU discharge. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were analyzed, and the following neuropsychological tests were applied: Consortium to Establish Registry for Alzheimer's Disease, Mini-Mental State Examination, and Trail Making Test forms A and B. We included 33 patients, mean age of 49, 19% were female. Patients underperformed on most measures 24 h after ICU discharge, with improvement on follow-up. IQCODE, APACHE II scores, NSE and IFN-γ levels at ICU discharge were associated with poor cognitive performance, while higher educational level was associated with good cognitive performance. The time to first antibiotic dose, accumulated dose of haloperidol during UCI stay and mean glycemia were also associated with poor cognitive outcome. In general, patients with severe sepsis or septic shock have cognitive impairment that can improve over time. This improvement was associated with factors identified during their ICU stay, such as cognitive reserve, educational level, mean glycemia during ICU stay and NSE level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4509
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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