Factors associated with Noninvasive ventilation compliance in patients with ALS/MND

THE NUTRITION/NIV STUDY GROUP

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although noninvasive ventilation (NIV) improves survival and quality of life (QOL) in ALS, use of NIV is suboptimal. Objective: To determine compliance with “early” NIV initiation, requisite for the feasibility of a large study of early NIV initiation, and examine factors impacting compliance. Methods: Seventy-three ALS participants with forced vital capacities (FVC) >50% were enrolled. Participants with FVC over 80% (Group 1) were initiated on NIV early (FVC between 80 and 85%). Participants with FVC between 50 and 80% (Group 2) started NIV at FVC between 50 and 55%. Symptom surveys, QOL scores, and NIV compliance (machine download documenting use ≥4 hours/night >60% of time) were collected following NIV initiation. Results: 53.6% of Group 1 and 50% of Group 2 were compliant 28 days following NIV initiation, with increased compliance over time. Participants who were unmarried, had lower income, lower educational attainment, or limited caregiver availability were less likely to be compliant. Bothersome symptoms in non-compliant participants included facial air pressure, frequent arousals with difficulty returning to sleep, and claustrophobia. Both compliant and noncompliant participants felt improved QOL with NIV; improvement was significantly greater in compliant participants. Conclusions: These data suggest ALS patients can comply with NIV early in their disease, and potentially benefit as evidenced by improved QOL scores, supporting both feasibility and need for a study comparing early versus late NIV initiation. Moreover, modifiable symptoms were identified that could be optimized to improve compliance. Further studies are needed to determine the impact of “early” intervention on survival and QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Volume22
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Noninvasive ventilation
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • compliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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