Factors Associated With Burnout in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residents in the United States

Allison C. Bean, Allison N. Schroeder, Gina P. Mckernan, Matthew Mesoros, Julie K. Silver, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Sara Cuccurullo, Kevin Franzese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of burnout in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the United States and to identify the personal- and program-specific characteristics most strongly associated with residents reporting burnout. Design This was a cross-sectional survey of US physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. Emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and burnout were assessed using two validated items from the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Associations of burnout with demographics and personal factors, residency program characteristics, perceived program support, and work/life balance were evaluated. Results The survey was completed by 296 residents (22.8%), with 35.8% of residents meeting the criteria for burnout. Residents' perception of not having adequate time for personal/family life was the factor most strongly associated with burnout (χ2 = 93.769, P < 0.001). Residents who reported inappropriate clerical burden and working more than 50 hrs/wk on inpatient rotations were most likely to report that they did not have adequate time for personal/family life. Faculty support (χ2 = 41.599, P < 0.001) and performing activities that led residents to choose physical medicine and rehabilitation as a specialty (χ2 = 93.082, P < 0.001) were protective against burnout. Conclusions Residents reporting having inadequate time for their personal/family life was most strongly associated with physical medicine and rehabilitation resident burnout, although many personal and program characteristics were associated with burnout.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)674-684
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume101
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • Burnout
  • Internship and residency
  • Physical and rehabilitation medicine
  • Professional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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