Factors associated with adherence to an end-of-study biopsy: Lessons from the prostate cancer prevention trial (SWOG-coordinated intergroup study S9217)

Ellen R. Gritz, Kathryn B. Arnold, Carol M. Moinpour, Allison M. Burton-Chase, Catherine M. Tangen, Jeffrey F. Probstfield, William A. See, Michael M. Lieber, Vincent Caggiano, Sarah Moody-Thomas, Connie Szczepanek, Anne Ryan, Susie Carlin, Shannon Hill, Phyllis J. Goodman, Rose Mary Padberg, Lori M. Minasian, Frank L. Meyskens, Ian M. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Background: The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) was a 7-year randomized, double-blind, placebocontrolled trial of the efficacy of finasteride for the prevention of prostate cancer with a primary outcome of histologically determined prevalence of prostate cancer at the end of 7 years. Methods: A systematic modeling process using logistic regression identified factors available at year 6 that are associated with end-of-study (EOS) biopsy adherence at year 7, stratified by whether participants were ever prompted for a prostate biopsy by year 6. Final models were evaluated for discrimination. At year 6,13,590 men were available for analysis. Results: Participants were more likely to have the EOS biopsy if they were adherent to study visit schedules and procedures and/or were in good health (P < 0.01). Participants at larger sites and/or sites that received retention and adherence grants were also more likely to have the EOS biopsy (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Our results show good adherence to study requirements 1 year before the EOS biopsy was associated with greater odds that a participant would comply with the invasive EOS requirement. Impact: Monitoring adherence behaviors may identify participants at risk of nonadherence to more demanding study end points. Such information could help frame adherence intervention strategies in future trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1638-1648
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Gritz, E. R., Arnold, K. B., Moinpour, C. M., Burton-Chase, A. M., Tangen, C. M., Probstfield, J. F., See, W. A., Lieber, M. M., Caggiano, V., Moody-Thomas, S., Szczepanek, C., Ryan, A., Carlin, S., Hill, S., Goodman, P. J., Padberg, R. M., Minasian, L. M., Meyskens, F. L., & Thompson, I. M. (2014). Factors associated with adherence to an end-of-study biopsy: Lessons from the prostate cancer prevention trial (SWOG-coordinated intergroup study S9217). Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, 23(8), 1638-1648. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0202