Factors affecting the development of carious lesions in bovine teeth in vitro

B. T. Amaechi, S. M. Higham, W. M. Edgar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


This study aimed to determine the effect of temperature, duration of exposure, position on enamel surface, and type of demineralization solution on the production of caries-like lesions in bovine enamel in vitro, and to establish the conditions for the formation of artificial caries in bovine enamel. Caries-like lesions were produced in incisal, middle and cervical sites on enamel samples, with either an acidified hydroxyethylcellulose gel system or a partially saturated acidic buffer solution at either 20°C or 37°C for 3, 4, or 5 days. Lesion variables (mineral loss/lesion depth) were quantified. Regular subsurface lesions were produced in all specimens in acidic buffer solution within 3 days at either temperature. In gel, caries- like lesions were produced in 62% of the specimens at 37°C and in 49% at 20°C, while the remaining specimens were either eroded or softened. Mineral loss and lesion depth were significantly greater with buffer than with gel, and with increased length of exposure in either solution. There were no significant differences in either variable with position or temperature in either solutions, though numerically both variables were greater at the cervical site, and at 37°C in either solution. It was concluded that caries- like lesions can be consistently produced in bovine enamel with a partially saturated acidic buffer solution at 20°C or 37°C within 3 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-628
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial caries
  • Demineralization solution
  • Duration
  • Position
  • Temperature
  • Time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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