Facial reanimation after facial nerve injury

R. H. Rosenwasser, E. Liebman, D. F. Jimenez, W. A. Buchheit, D. W. Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Patients with facial paralysis are often seen in neurosurgical practice. Obtaining full facial symmetry and function after facial nerve damage presents the neurosurgeon with a difficult challenge. Various surgical techniques have been developed to deal with this problem. These include primary nerve repair, nerve to nerve anastomosis, nerve grafting, neurovascular pedicle grafts, regional muscle transposition, microvascular muscle transfers, and nerve transfers. Patient selection, timing of surgery, and details of surgical technique are discussed. The results of hypoglossal-facial anastomosis in 24 patients are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-574
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


  • Facial paralysis
  • Facial reinnervation
  • Muscle transfers
  • Nerve repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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