Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Critical Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Amir A. Shamshirsaz, John J. Byrne, Patrick S. Ramsey, Alison G. Cahill, Mark A. Turrentine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To estimate the maternal survival and live-birth rates in pregnant women with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who are treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by performing a systematic review and meta-Analysis.DATA SOURCES:From database inception through August 2023, we explored MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Studies reporting maternal survival and live-birth rates in pregnant women with critical COVID-19 undergoing ECMO were included.METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION:Two reviewers separately ascertained studies, obtained data, and evaluated study quality. Summary estimates of maternal survival and live-birth rates were measured, and 95% CIs were calculated.TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS:Nine retrospective case series and 12 retrospective cohort studies were identified with 386 pregnant women with critical COVID-19 who underwent ECMO. Studies evaluated women that were treated from January 2020 to October 2022. Four studies were from the United States; three were from Turkey; two were from France; two were from Israel; and one each was from Columbia, Germany, Italy, Kuwait, Poland, Republic of Srpska, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, a consortium from Belgium, France, Switzerland, and an international registry. The pooled estimate of the maternal survival rate among pregnant patients who were initiated on ECMO was 75.6% (95% CI, 66.0-84.1%, I2=72%). The pooled estimate of the live-birth rate among pregnant patients who were initiated on ECMO was 83.7% (95% CI, 76.8-89.6%, 153 neonates, I2=11%). When the case series and cohort studies were examined separately, the results were similar.CONCLUSION:Among pregnant women with acute respiratory distress syndrome attributable to critical COVID-19 who were managed with ECMO, maternal survival and live-birth rates were high.SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:PROSPERO, CRD42023442800.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-228
Number of pages10
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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