Extrachromosomal human immunodeficiency virus type‐1 DNA can initiate a spreading infection of HL‐60 cells

Salvatore T. Butera, Victor L. Perez, Nora J. Besansky, Thomas M. Folks, Wing C. Chan, Bei‐Yu ‐Y Wu, Gary J. Nabel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Scopus citations


    In this report, we describe a human immunodeficiency virus type‐1 (HIV‐1)‐infected promyelocytic cell line, OM, derived from HL‐60 cells. Although the OM cell line was biologically cloned twice, the pattern of HIV‐1 expression during culture appeared analogous to a classical acute spreading infection and was inhibited by both azidothymidine and recombinant soluble CD4 treatment. The number of OM cells actually expressing HIV‐1 at the beginning of culture was 0%, reached a peak of nearly 100% at 6 weeks, and then fell to < 10% HIV‐1+ cells by 10 weeks. Clonal analysis of the surviving cells verified that stable HIV‐1+ OM cells resulted from the spreading infection. Southern analysis confirmed the transmission of HIV‐1 through these OM cultures and the occurrence of stable clones which resulted. The initial percentage of OM cells actually harboring the HIV‐1 genome was <0.1%, indicating nonfaithful transmission of an unintegrated HIV‐1 genome during clonal expansion. These results demonstrate that extrachromosomal HIV‐1 DNA can contribute to the spread of HIV‐1 infection and give rise to cells which have stably integrated HIV‐1 provirus.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)366-373
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Apr 1991


    • CD4
    • HIV‐1 infection of promyelocytes
    • azidothymidine
    • clonal analysis
    • unintegrated HIV‐1 DNA

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology


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