We have constructed a series of interspecific somatic cell hybrids between the human osteoblast-like osteosarcoma, TE85, and a mouse fibrosarcoma, La-t-. In these whole-cell hybrids, we observed a 10-fold reduction of human liver/bone/kidney (L/B/K) alkaline phosphatase steady-state mRNA and alkaline phosphatase protein activity. The phenomenon of loss of tissue-specific gene expression has been termed extinction. Subclones of these hybrids were isolated, which reexpressed the alkaline phosphatase gene product. These late-passage hybrids had a reduced number of mouse fibroblast chromosomes when compared to earlier passages. This suggests that a trans-acting negative regulatory element, encoded in the fibroblast genome, regulates expression of L/B/K alkaline phosphatase. This is the first evidence that extinction plays a role in the regulation of osteoblast gene expression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology