Expression of TNFα by CD3+ and F4/80+ cells following irradiation preconditioning and allogeneic spleen cell transplantation

S. Brown, J. Konopa, D. Zhou, J. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) includes tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) expression by macrophages and T cells. However, the temporal comparison of donor vs host cells to TNFα expression in response to irradiation conditioning and alloreactivity has not been reported. This study compared intracellular TNFα expression in donor vs host spleen T cells and macrophages using a murine model of aGVHD. Total body irradiation conditioning alone resulted in increased frequency of F4/80+ /TNFα+ cells, but no increase in CD3+ /TNFα+ cells. Syngeneic transplantation resulted in an increased frequency of F4/80+ /TNFα+ cells, while CD3+ /TNFα+ cells increased on days 1 and 3 but declined on day 5. Allogeneic transplantation resulted in an increased frequency of donor CD3+ /TNFα+ cells, while the frequency of host CD3+ /TNFα+ cells declined. Similarly, donor F4/80+ /TNFα+ cells also increased in frequency after allotransplantation, while the frequency of host F4/80+ /TNFα+ cells was increased on day 1 and declined through days 3 and 5. In absolute cell numbers, CD3+ /TNFα+ cells were greater than F4/80+ /TNFα+ cells post allotransplantation. We conclude that (1) both donor and host CD3+ and F4/80+ cells are present in the post transplant period and contribute to TNFα production and (2) in terms of frequency, the majority of TNFα producing cells in the spleen after allogeneic BMT are CD3+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GVHD
  • Macrophage
  • T cell
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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