Expression of CD8α identifies a distinct subset of effector memory CD4+ T lymphocytes

Iole Macchia, Marie Claire Gauduin, Amitinder Kaur, R. Paul Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Circulating CD4+ CD8+ T lymphocytes have been described in the peripheral blood of humans and several animal species. However, the origin and functional properties of these cells remain poorly understood. In the present study, we evaluated the frequency, phenotype and function of peripheral CD4+ CD8+ T cells in rhesus macaques. Two distinct populations of CD4+ CD8+ T cells were identified: the dominant one was CD4hi CD8lo and expressed the CD8αα homodimer, while the minor population was CD4lo CD8hi and expressed the CD8αβ heterodimer. The majority of CD4hi CD8αlo T cells exhibited an activated effector/memory phenotype (CCR5lo CD7- CD28- HLA-DR+) and expressed relatively high levels of granzyme B. Intracellular cytokine staining assays demonstrated that the frequency of cytomegalovirus-specific T cells was enriched five-fold in CD4hi CD8αlo T cells compared to single-positive CD4+ T cells, whereas no consistent enrichment was observed for simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-specific T cells. Cross-sectional studies of SIV-infected animals demonstrated that the frequency of CD4hi CD8αlo T cells was lower in wild-type SIV-infected animals compared to uninfected controls, although prospective studies of SIV-infected animals demonstrated depletion of CD4hi CD8αlo lymphocytes only in a subset of animals. Taken together, these data suggest that CD4+ T cells expressing CD8α represent an effector/memory subset of CD4 + T cells and that this cell population can be depleted during the course of SIV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-242
Number of pages11
JournalImmunology
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

T-Lymphocytes
Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
Population
Phenotype
Granzymes
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
HLA-DR Antigens
Virus Diseases
Macaca mulatta
Cytomegalovirus
Cross-Sectional Studies
Prospective Studies
Lymphocytes
Staining and Labeling
Cytokines

Keywords

  • Animal models/studies: primates
  • Helper T cells (Th cells, Th0, Th1, Th2, Th3)
  • Memory cells
  • Simian immunodeficiency virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Expression of CD8α identifies a distinct subset of effector memory CD4+ T lymphocytes. / Macchia, Iole; Gauduin, Marie Claire; Kaur, Amitinder; Johnson, R. Paul.

In: Immunology, Vol. 119, No. 2, 10.2006, p. 232-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Macchia, Iole ; Gauduin, Marie Claire ; Kaur, Amitinder ; Johnson, R. Paul. / Expression of CD8α identifies a distinct subset of effector memory CD4+ T lymphocytes. In: Immunology. 2006 ; Vol. 119, No. 2. pp. 232-242.
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