Expression of a male-specific cytochrome P450 isozyme (CYP2C11) in fa/fa zucker rats: Effect of phenobarbital treatment

Abhik M. Bandyopadhyay, Inder Chaudhary, Larry W. Robertson, Brian Gemzik, Andrew Parkinson, Robert A. Blouin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study determined the effect of genetic obesity and phenobarbital (PB) treatment on the expression and regulation of the hepatic cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP2CL1) in Fa/? and fa/fa Zucker rats. Hepatic CYP2C1 1 levels as determined by Western immunoblotting and associated enzymatic activity (testosterone oxidation at the 2α position) were significantly lower in untreated fa/fa Zucker rats compared with that observed in Fa/? Zucker rats. There was no significant difference in the constitutive CYP2C11 steady-state mRNA level hybridizable to the cDNA (P450 16α) or specific oligonucleotide probe (Northern and slot blot analyses) between fa/fa and Fa/? Zucker rats. The depressed constitutive CYP2C11 protein levels in fa/fa rats may be attributed to their low plasma testosterone and growth hormone levels; however, lack of differences in CYP2C11 steady-state mRNA suggest post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism(s). Treatment with PB further suppressed hepatic CYP2C11 protein levels and activities in both fa/fa and Fa/? Zucker rats in comparison with that seen in controls. The level of CYP2C11 steady-state mRNA was significantly higher after treatment with PB in Fa/? Zucker rats, while no change was observed in fa/fa animals. The mechanism by which PB treatment fails to increase CYP2C11 steady-state mRNA levels in the fa/fa Zucker rat is unknown; however, it may share a common molecular basis with the defect in nuclear transcription rate previously observed with CYP2B1/2B2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-390
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume307
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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