Exploring differences in adiposity in two US hispanic populations of Mexican origin using social, behavioral, physiologic and genetic markers: The IRAS family study

Kendra A. Young, Tasha E. Fingerlin, Carl D. Langefeld, Carlos Lorenzo, Steven M. Haffner, Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Jill M. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The census classification of Hispanic origin is used in epidemiological studies to group individuals, even though there is geographical, cultural, and genetic diversity within Hispanic Americans of purportedly similar backgrounds. We observed differences in our measures of adiposity between our two Mexican American populations, and examined whether these differences were attributed to social, behavioral, physiologic or genetic differences between the two populations. Research Design and Methods: In the IRAS Family Study, we examined 478 Hispanics from San Antonio, Texas and 447 Hispanics from the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Associations with body mass index (BMI), visceral adipose tissue area (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue area (SAT) using social, behavioral, physiologic and genetic variables were examined. Results: Hispanics of Mexican origin in our clinic population in San Antonio had significantly higher mean BMI (31.09 vs 28.35 kg/m 2), VAT (126.3 vs 105.5 cm 2), and SAT (391.6 vs 336.9 cm 2), than Hispanics of Mexican origin in the San Luis Valley. The amount of variation in adiposity explained by clinic population was 4.5% for BMI, 2.8% for VAT, and 2.7% for SAT. After adjustment, clinic population was no longer associated with VAT and SAT, but remained associated with BMI, although the amount of variation explained by population was substantially less (1.0% for BMI). Conclusion: Adiposity differences within this population of Mexican origin can be largely explained by social, behavioral, physiologic and genetic differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume22
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Admixture
  • Behavior
  • Environmental differences
  • Genetics
  • Hispanics
  • Social factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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