Exploiting pleiotropy to map genes for oligogenic phenotypes using extended pedigree data

Anthony G. Comuzzie, Michael C. Mahaney, Laura Almasy, Thomas D. Dyer, John Blangero

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We investigated the utility of two approaches for exploiting pleiotropy to search for genes influencing related traits. To do this we first assessed the genetic correlations among a set of five closely related quantitative traits (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q5). We then used the genetic correlations among these five traits both to remove the common genetic effects of the four remaining traits, thereby identifying the unique genetic contribution to each trait, and to extract a synthetic phenotype which exploits the shared genetic information (pleiotropy) among these five traits. After obtaining these conditional traits, we then searched for evidence of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) (using variance component linkage) influencing the unique residual genetic component for each trait as well as those influencing the expression of the synthetic traits. From this work, we conclude that the removal of the common genetic effects of other traits in a group may be of greater utility when the majority of the pleiotropy initially detected between traits is attributable to the shared additive effects of polygenes, rather than to those of major loci. By contrast, decomposition of the genetic covariance matrix to its principal components is of greater utility when the majority of pleiotropy is attributable to major loci.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)975-980
    Number of pages6
    JournalGenetic epidemiology
    Volume14
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1997

    Keywords

    • Linkage analysis
    • Principal components
    • Variance components

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Epidemiology
    • Genetics(clinical)

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