美国新毕业家庭医生寻找产科相关工作的体验

Translated title of the contribution: Experiences of New Family Physicians Finding Jobs with Obstetrical Care in the USA

Aimee R. Eden, Tyler Barreto, Elizabeth Rose Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adequate family medicine obstetricians are crucial to ensuring that patients can access to the obstetrical services that they need. However,previous research has shown that the number of family doctors with obstetrics included in the scope of practice is declining year by year,with fewer than 10% of the total now delivering babies. Objective: This study aimed to explore how new family medicine graduates who want to include obstetrics in their scope of practice identify and select jobs and to understand how employment influences scope of practice in family medicine,particularly the ability to provide maternity care and deliver babies. Methods: A mixed-methods study including a survey and qualitative interviews was conducted in 2017. We electronically surveyed US family physicians and followed up with a purposeful subsample of these physicians to conduct in-depth,semistructured telephone interviews. The survey measured the reasons for not doing obstetrics as a family physician. To identify themes regarding finding family medicine jobs with obstetrics,we used a team-based,immersion-crystallisation approach to analyse the transcribed qualitative interviews. Of the 2 098 US family medicine residency graduates 2014-2016 who indicated that they intended to deliver babies in practice,1 016(48.43%) completed the survey,and 56 of them were interviewed by telephone. Results: Survey results showed that not finding a job that included obstetrics was the primary reason newly graduated family physicians who intended to do obstetrics were not doing so. Qualitative interviews revealed that family physicians often find jobs with obstetrics through connections or recruitment efforts and make job decisions based on personal considerations such as included geographical preferences,family obligations and lifestyle. However,job-seeking and job-taking decisions are constrained by employment-related issues such as job structure,practice characteristics and lack of availability of family medicine jobs with obstetrics. Conclusion While personal reasons drove job selection for most physicians,their choices were constrained by multiple factors beyond their control,particularly availability of family medicine jobs allowing obstetrics. The shift from physician as practice owner to physician as employee in the USA has implications for job-seeking behaviours of newly graduating medical residents as well as for access to healthcare services by patients;understanding how employment influences scope of practice in family medicine can provide insight into how to support family physicians to maintain the scope of practice they desire and are trained to provide,thus,ensuring that families have access to care.

Translated title of the contributionExperiences of New Family Physicians Finding Jobs with Obstetrical Care in the USA
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)2749-2756
Number of pages8
JournalChinese General Practice
Volume23
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2020

Keywords

  • Family doctor
  • Graduates
  • Mixed methodology
  • Obstetrical
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Family Practice

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