Exercise testing early after myocardial infarction: Predictive value for subsequent unstable angina and death

Mark R. Starling, Michael H. Crawford, Gemma T. Kennedy, Robert A. O'Rourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, modified treadmill exercise testing before hospital discharge has been reported to be safe in patients after uncomplicated myocardial infarction. Accordingly, the frequency of treadmill exercise-induced abnormalities and their prognostic value were evaluated in 130 patients with uncomplicated myocardlal infarction. Seventy-eight patients (60 percent) had one or more treadmill exercise-induced abnormalities; 42 had S-T segment depression, 35 had angina and 17 had an inadequate blood pressure response. During the mean follow-up period of 11 months, 27 patients experienced unstable angina, 12 had a recurrent myocardlal infarction and 10 died of cardiac causes. Compared with patients with no exercise-induced abnormality, patients with S-T segment depression, angina pectoris or an inadequate blood pressure response had a significantly greater (p < 0.001) incidence of all cardiac events during the follow-up period. Furthermore, unstable angina pectoris was significantly more frequent (p <0.005) in patients with S-T segment depression or angina pectoris. Finally, when the patients with ischemic treadmill abnormalities were combined with the patients exhibiting an inadequate blood pressure response, they had a statistically greater (p < 0.005) incidence of cardiac death than that of patients with no treadmill abnormalities. Therefore, these three abnormalities during modified treadmill exercise testing before hospital discharge identify patients with uncomplicated myocardial infarction who are at risk for a future cardiac event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)909-914
Number of pages6
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1980

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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