Executive Functioning in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Combined Type With and Without a Stimulant Medication History

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Steven R Pliszka, Mario Liotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Behavioral and neuropsychological functioning in unmedicated children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who have a history of medication treatment (Rx) versus those who are treatment naïve (TN) has, to our knowledge, not been previously studied. Ninety-four children in four groups (ADHD/Rx, ADHD/TN, learning disabilities [LD], and controls) were evaluated, while unmedicated, on measures of achievement, neuropsychological functioning, and behavior. The ADHD/Rx group performed significantly better than the TN group on writing, Stroop interference, and measures of attention, and performed as well as the control group on executive functioning, verbal working memory, and academics. Behaviorally, the ADHD groups showed more difficulty with mood and externalizing behaviors compared with the LD and control groups, with the ADHD/TN performing the most poorly. Findings suggest that the ADHD/Rx group shows better executive and academic functioning even when unmedicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-340
Number of pages12
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Learning Disorders
Therapeutics
Control Groups
Short-Term Memory

Keywords

  • academic functioning
  • attention
  • behavior
  • learning disability
  • mood
  • psychopharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Executive Functioning in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder : Combined Type With and Without a Stimulant Medication History. / Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Pliszka, Steven R; Liotti, Mario.

In: Neuropsychology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 05.2008, p. 329-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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