Evidence Surrounding Dietary Behavior Interventions in Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors: A Scoping Review

Ryan R. Bailey, Alfonso L. Neri, Monica C. Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objective: To identify and summarize studies that have implemented dietary behavior interventions and reported dietary outcomes in community-dwelling adult stroke survivors. Design: Scoping Review; Setting: Not applicable. Participants: Studies eligible for review included peer-reviewed studies describing both a dietary intervention and a dietary outcome among community-dwelling stroke survivors published between January 2000 and June 2022. Results: We identified 14 articles that included both a dietary behavior intervention and a dietary outcome. All studies (5 pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 6 non-pilot RCTs, 3 cohort studies) delivered multimodal health behavior interventions that included a dietary component. Interventions were delivered weekly to every other month and lasted for 1–24 months. Most studies did not use standardized assessments to assess dietary outcomes; however, 8 studies reported improvement in dietary outcomes. Conclusions: This review provides support for the efficacy of dietary behavior interventions in stroke survivors. Variability in intervention format and assessment measures across studies impedes the ability to conduct meta-analyses of outcomes to inform research knowledge and clinical practice. Additional research is needed to determine mechanisms-of-action for dietary behavior change in stroke survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-34
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • dietary intervention
  • dietary outcomes
  • secondary stroke prevention
  • stroke survivor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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