How growth hormone (GH) stimulates protein synthesis is unknown. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathways balance anabolic and catabolic activities in response to nutrients and growth factor signaling. As a test of GH signaling, immunoassays of two downstream translation regulatory proteins were compared in ad libitumfed 2-month-old normal and Ames (Prop1df) dwarf mice. Phosphorylation of the p70 and p85 isoforms of S6 kinase 1 in liver and the p70 isoform in gastrocnemius muscle were significantly decreased in dwarfs. Messenger RNA (mRNA) Cap-binding demonstrated significantly higher levels of translation represser 4E-BP1/eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) (coprecipitates) from dwarf livers, but not muscle. Consistent with these binding data, significantly less phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 was documented in dwarf liver. These data suggest a link between GH signaling and translation control in a model of extended longevity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences|
|State||Published - Mar 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology